Cytokinesis is another activity that is generated by the cytoskeleton, particularly the microfilament.
After the chromosomes of a cell separate during anaphase, the microfilaments together with their associated protein, myosin, create a contractile ring somewhere near the middle of a cell. This ring tightens like a purse string until finally the cell is divided into two. This division completes the final stage of mitosis wherein two new cells with the same chromosome number are formed.
Separation of chromosomes and cytokinesis have to be properly coordinated so that the chromosome number of each generation of cells remain the same. If the timing of these two processes is off, we can end up with cells that have abnormal chromosome number or cells that can develop into cancerous ones.