Wednesday, January 14, 2009
Source of image: http://www.helpsavetheclimate.com/chloroplast1.gif
Today, we will talk about the other energy generating organelle in cells, the chloroplast. We will also start with its structure and cover its function in future posts.
The chloroplast is much bigger than the mitochondrion. Just like the mitochondrion, it also has both an outer and an inner membrane that are separated by an intermembrane space. However, it still has a 3rd membrane which consists of flattened sacs called thylakoids. These thylakoids may be stacked together and form the grana (sing. granum) or may be unstacked and form the stroma thylakoids.
Chloroplast just like the mitochondrion also has its own DNA, mRNA, and ribosomes. These are located in the stroma.